11 coronavirus permanent symptoms that can last forever: Beyond the lack of consensus from the scientific community around the immunity and evolution of the disease-which, according to a supercomputer, could be vascular rather than respiratory—, the persistent symptoms of COVID-19 lie within a postcoronavirus syndrome that could last longer than desired.
In fact, many of the pulmonary, vascular and even neuronal sequelae could persist for years-or forever in exceptional cases such as those below.
"We are discovering more and more subacute and Chronic Complications of the infection, so it's not just like the flu, which contracts for a few days and then overcomes," explains to Texas Medical Center the president of the Department of Medicine at Houston Methodist Hospital, Richard Robbins.
Also, Rebecca Keith, co-director of the respiratory Recovery Clinic at National Jewish Health (Denver, USA), points out to Health that COVID-19's condition on sensitivities from previous diseases could lead to addressing underlying problems that were already thought to be overcome.
But although Anthony Fauci, the leading epidemiologist in the US for the pandemic, acknowledges that it is more than 1 year to complete the long-term effects of the virus, several studies closely follow the evolution of the survivors of the pandemic.
For example, half of the patients with Bergamo, the main epicenter of coronavirus in Italy at the beginning of this, have not recovered.
11 coronavirus permanent symptoms
Experts in first-line infectious diseases and healthcare suffer from chronic fatigue. And several entrepreneurs, accustomed to endure days of more than 14 hours of work, have seen severely affected their cognitive ability and vision.
- Permanent fatigue
"I couldn't get out of bed. I'd get out of bed and go from one couch to another. That's all I could do. She was crying intermittently during the day," says Julie Hakim, co-founder of FemTech Focus, Texas Medical Center.
Chronic fatigue was one of the sequelae of SARS in 2002, which led many health professionals to turn to hospitals even years after infection, according to research into the impact of the disease it caused.
Currently, several scientific studies in the course, organized by the National Institute of Health, Lung and Blood, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the united States, and the National Institute of Health Research Uk, discusses how fatigue affects patients with COVID-19.
According to Esther Melamed, assistant professor of neurology at the Dell School of Medicine at the University of Texas, Austin, also USA, tells Health, chronic fatigue could be a consequence of deregulation of the immune system, continuous inflammation in the body and direct damage to the brain or spinal cord.
There are 4 types of headaches associated with the disease that causes the new coronavirus, COVID-19, data the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), Spain.
But, beyond their condition while the virus is active, some patients suffer from it for a long time.
"The headache that predominates in the COVID-19 is of great intensity, can affect the whole head or to one side, usually oppressive that worsens with physical activity and head movements", explains Jesús Porta, head of section, Neurology department, Hospital Clínico San Carlos and professor of Medicine of the UCM.
This is described by Diana Berrent, an international photographer, founder of the Survivor Corps group, where affected patients contribute information, donate plasma and raise money for research on SARS-CoV-2.
"Some headaches that crush the soul," he tells Wbur, adding that, as they say in the group, neurological symptoms are also endured.
However, in children, fatigue and headaches are key symptoms for identifying the disease, rather than in the long term.
- Vision problems
Berrent, who has been practicing photography for 12 years according to a previous interview, has been one of the patients with COVID-19 who has suffered visual disturbances after the contagion —conditions that continues to suffer 7 months after contracting the new coronavirus—.
This manifestation, according to a survey of 1,500 individuals by the School of Medicine of the University of Indiana, United States, is along with respiratory problems, cardiovascular, muscle pain, confusion, depression and anxiety, one of the most frequent symptoms of post-COVID syndrome-19.
It can manifest as a blurred view or witness flashes of light, they detail in the survey report.
In addition, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), individual confinement and / or quarantine have also had an impact on vision.
This has caused some of the protagonists to develop visual fatigue syndrome, with which they experience eye dryness, problems with optical correction and binocular system and musculoskeletal symptoms due to an incorrect position in front of the devices.
- Lack of balance and dizziness
Inheritance of neurological conditions, loss of balance and vertigo is becoming common among long-term carriers-the name given to those recovered who do not cease to suffer anomalies-highlights the specialist in geriatrics and President of the Department of Internal Medicine of the Medical Center of Hackensack University, west of New York, USA, Laurie G. Jacobs, to the Local Area of New Jersey— also NJ.com.
"I have balance problems. Some cognitive problems too. It's the strangest thing, " he describes to NJ.com, Bill Laforet, former mayor of Mahwah Township, in the same state.
Data from Dr. Jacobs, these patients are also more likely to have blood clots or suffer a stroke or heart attack.
- Extreme tiredness
"Humidity in the head and a complete exhaustion," notes the expert on infectious diseases of the School of Tropical Medicine in Liverpool, UK, Paul Garner, who overcame the disease, but not the persistent symptoms.
The same relates it to chronic fatigue, as mentioned earlier, as well as neurological symptoms, collects BBC.
"I can't even put words in a row, my head is completely cloudy," he says.
Also, Hakim, who practiced boxing before COVID-19 tells Texas Medical Center: "it was totally destroyed. I ran out of gas. He had nothing on me. It was like you were exercising for 4 hours and then your legs trembled. I just couldn't do anything."
- Memory problems
Infection with SARS-CoV-2 could generate long-term problems in the brain of patients, related to their cognitive ability: attention, memory and conflict resolution.
According to neuroscientist Natalie C. Tronson, - before confirming the neuroinvasive capacity of the virus in the brain-it could affect the neural connections (essential in the storage of information) by the inflammation generated in the body.
"Even cases of mild inflammation, including chronic stress, are now recognized as risk factors for dementia and cognitive impairment during aging," stresses Tronson.
"My concern is that we now have millions of people with COVID-19. And if within a year we have 10 million people recovered, and those people have cognitive deficits ... then that will affect your ability to work and your ability to perform the activities of daily living," says a Tronson counterpart, Adrian Owen of Western University, Ontario, Canada.
- Depression and anxiety
"It depresses you, makes you anxious because it will never disappear. People would ask my husband, " isn't he better yet?"They start to think you're making it up," Angela Aston, a nurse, tells The New York Times.
Interruption of routines, difficulties in accessing medical care and the sequelae of coronavirus have led to many cases of depression and chronic anxiety in recovered patients.
In fact, other pathologies such as lack of taste and smell have also been directly related to moods:
"[The olfactory system] rises above our consciousness and appreciation. That's the impact when it disappears. We have extracted a complete part of our consciousness that we didn't even realize we were using every day," Pamela Dalton, a chemosensory scientist from Philadelphia, USA, tells The Washington Post.
This, he points out, triggers negative emotions because a lower amount of serotonin —the molecules that make you feel good— is produced in the absence of enjoyment.
- Loss of smell and taste
"That you are half a year without being able to taste the food or try it and do not know you is tedious. You don't care if you eat a hamburger or a celery, " says a recuperada from COVID - 19 to Business Insider Spain, which has been without smelling or tasting anything for 7 months.
In the same vein, experts explain to The Washington Post that there may be survivors who do not get it back —or, at least, not at all -.
More because there is no specific treatment to recover smell or taste, although olfactory therapies:
"There is No standardized treatment, but they recommend olfactory therapy," Belén explains to Business Insider Spain.
"They recommend that you smell about 5 things from home that stimulate you different degrees, so to speak. Every day, morning and night, you review the smells of each of those things."
- Hair loss
New coronavirus disease survivor groups have become a focus of information ahead of clinical evidence itself.
"We saw COVID toes a month before it hit the media. The same applies to hair loss, " notes Berrent.
According to experts, this is due to telogen effluvium, an alteration of the hair growth cycle. And, following the evidence, it usually appears 3 months after having experienced a traumatic event.
- Heart conditions
The evolution of COVID-19 disease, still unknown with accuracy but beginning to decipher thanks to research with supercomputers, can wreak havoc on the hearts of patients with no history.
In fact, concludes a study published in JAMA Cardiology, almost 80% of COVID-19 patients suffer some kind of heart damage after recovering from the virus.
Now, according to researchers from Tennessee, USA, who have on their computer the second fastest supercomputer in the world, this may be due to experiencing a " bradykinin storm."
This is a chemical that regulates blood pressure and, by producing it in excess, it could be the cause of the attack on the lining of the blood vessels, damage to the heart, or strokes.
Which would also explain the next sequel:
- Lung damage
The lungs of the victims of COVID-19 may be completely unrecognizable.
Following the theory of the bradykinin storm, which understands the disease as vascular rather than respiratory, it could be dilating the gaps in the blood vessels, attacking the lining and allowing the fluid to seep.
In turn, the alveoli would be filled, which are the tiny air sacs present in the lungs and which would trigger the lack of ability to breathe.
Also, lung disease, also understood as respiratory disease, has a scientific basis-as an influence of other research related to MERS and SARS of 2002 -.
The remaining findings have confirmed that patients with COVID-19 have lung damage " weeks after leaving the hospital."
"About 30% of patients recovering from COVID - 19 may be left with damaged lung tissue if the coronavirus follows similar disease patterns," experts from the UK National Health Service note.
However, the researchers point out that they hope that this condition, like some of the previous ones, will tend to improve in the medium to long term.