Amazon testing electric bikes European cities parcel delivery: Amazon is expanding to Europe its trials of deliveries with electric bicycles that include a cargo space, something it already did in New York at the end of 2019. The company has already confirmed these tests to Business Insider, which are part of a plan to reduce its emissions of polluting gases and help improve circulation in European cities.

As noted by a spokesman for the e-commerce giant, Amazon is committed to reducing its carbon emissions to zero by 2040. "We are experimenting in various areas of the company to reduce emissions, including testing with different models of charging electric bikes with our service providers in London and other cities in the European Union," company sources said.

Those trials have already been seen in cities such as London, where cyclist and Twitter user Brian Jones has published photographs and a video of an electric bike model with a cargo space near Amazon's offices in the British capital.

This bike is not properly from Amazon, but from one of its local subcontractors. The company refused to identify which company it is, but another Twitter user, in response to Brian Jones, has revealed that it is the British logistics company Delivery Mates.

Amazon may not take these vehicles as a permanent part of its fleet, but the experiment coincides with the interest of cities to attack the increase in pollution and traffic caused by the growth of digital commerce.

Amazon testing electric bikes European cities parcel delivery

A study by London's urban transport regulator revealed in 2017 that its inhabitants were switching from private cars to public transport and cycling. But this reduction in transit, according to the report, was being offset by the increase in delivery vehicles from platforms such as Amazon or transport services such as Uber. Delivery vans reached 20% of traffic in London in 2017, according to statements by the city's Mayor, Sadiq Khan.

In Paris, Mayor Anne Hidalgo has also considered the possibility, according to Bloomberg, of imposing a tax on Amazon and other delivery companies for the urban congestion that their delivery services generate.

The Barcelona City Council is also studying how to implement a last mile rate that affects electronic commerce that does not have a physical presence in Barcelona based on the use of public space and the increase in traffic and pollution that they generate due to the increase in deliveries.

Amazon testing electric bikes European cities parcel delivery

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Why completely eradicating COVID - 19 is almost impossible, according to an immunologist

Aggressive coronavirus control measures can slow the spread, but it is very difficult to completely eliminate the virus with them, as Kingston Mills, an immunologist at Trinity College Dublin, has written in the Conversation.

The expert highlights the cases of South Korea, Taiwan and New Zealand, assuring that they have managed to flatten the curve using contact tracing, conducting massive tests and applying isolation, along with social distancing and the use of masks.

However, Mills points out that not even those countries —although New Zealand managed to stay 100 days without new cases-have managed to eradicate the virus completely.

"Although it is possible to flatten the curve using these control measures, reaching zero COVID-19 with them is more difficult," acknowledges the immunologist.

Mills points out that the most viable option is to bet on the immunization of the population, since, although questions remain about how the immune system responds, It has been shown that antibodies are generated and that cases of reinfection do not seem to be common.

However, the expert does not share the view of some who advocate allowing the uncontrolled spread of the virus so that the entire population is naturally immunized.

Like the World Health Organization, Mills questions this practice, since " the consequence of trying to reach that threshold through natural infection will be many more deaths in the at-risk groups: the elderly, people with obesity and those with underlying medical conditions."

In addition, he notes that the virus is proving to cause long-term effects, so natural immunity could have serious consequences for many people.

Therefore, the next best option is the vaccine, but Mills points to the challenges of trying to achieve herd immunity and eradicate the virus through vaccination.

The immunologist points out that they may not be one hundred percent effective and, in addition, recalls that vaccinating the entire world population would take several years due to obstacles in terms of production and distribution.

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