China global cybersecurity initiative Trump response app block - The Chinese government is preparing to launch a cybersecurity initiative, called Global Initative on data Security, with which to deal with the clean Network Strategy announced by US President Donald Trump a month ago, which is framed by the threat of blocking Chinese apps like TikTok or WeChat, according to the Wall Street Journal.

The move, announced Tuesday by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, seeks Chinese technology companies to protect their data to prevent illegal information gathering and calls on its participants to respect the sovereignty of other countries.

The head of Chinese diplomacy referred in his presentation to those countries that are " aggressively pursuing unilateralism, throwing dirty water at other countries under the pretext of cleansing, and carrying out global persecutions against leading companies in other countries under the pretext of security." "That is abuse and must be rejected," Wang Yi said at the event that unveiled the initiative, according to Reuters, in a clear reference to the Clean Network announced by Trump.

"The global rules of data security must reflect the wishes of all countries and respect the interests of all parties and must be achieved on the basis of universal participation of all parties," the Chinese Foreign Minister added.

The Chinese government's initiative, to which it is not yet known whether other countries will be linked, although according to The Wall Street Journal the diplomacy of the Asian giant has already targeted several countries in search of their support, is a clear response to the blocking of the application of short TikTok videos in the United States, accused by Donald Trump of being a cyber-espionage tool of the Chinese Communist Party.

China global cybersecurity initiative Trump response app block

Trump signed an executive order a month ago giving TikTok's parent company, ByteDance, 45 days to sell the app's activities in the United States to a U.S. company before transactions between U.S. citizens and the company are banned.

The application, highly successful among the youngest, has more than 80 million users in the United States and both Microsoft —allied with supermarket company Walmart— and Oracle have been willing to buy it, although there are doubts about whether they will need Beijing's consent to sell their algorithms, keys to its success.

The struggle, inscribed in the trade war that both countries hold for years, was strained even more when the us secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, announced the creation of the Clean Network, a program of national security, under the umbrella of "protecting the privacy and sensitive information of actors evil as the Chinese Communist Party", will eliminate the chinese technology of the app stores and americans will block their cloud servers, among other measures.

For years China has had the 'Great Firewall', whereby the communist government censors and blocks media, search engines and social networks that are not subject to official monitoring and filtering.

End of China global cybersecurity initiative Trump response app block


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Glovo, Uber Eats, Deliveroo and the rest of the distribution platforms contribute 708 million to the Spanish GDP: distributors earn on average more than 300 euros a week

The distribution sector of digital platforms has progressed at a great pace in 2019 in almost all its components, according to the report that the employer Adigital has made in collaboration with the consulting firm AFI.

The number of customers increased in 2019 by 40.4% compared to the previous year and the number of orders increased by 46.4%. By volume, it assumed that 4.7 million people placed 36 million orders through delivery platforms in Spain in 2019.

As for the number of establishments that use any of the delivery applications such as Glovo, Uber Eats or Deliveroo has more than doubled in the last year, to 64,530.

2019 was a spectacular year for delivery platforms in Spain but 2020 can still be better. "The data does not take into account the pandemic and already shows a great acceleration of delivery, so it most likely increased much more as a result of the pandemic," says Diego Vizcaíno, author of the report and Managing Partner of AFI.

According to Vizcaino, the expansion of the activity of the delivery platforms would be supported by the value they bring both to consumers, as well as to establishments (restaurants and retail), while also creating flexible job opportunities for distributors.

In macroeconomic terms, distribution platforms accounted for 0.06% of Spanish GDP in 2019, about 708 million euros. The generation of Direct added value comes from the activity of restaurants and shops, which generated 250 million euros through distribution platforms.

The remainder comes from income generated (180 million) and indirect income (270 million). "Thanks to the fact that the retail trade can continue to function, suppliers continue to invoice and thus the indirect effect is generated," explains Vizcaíno.

The number of agreements between platforms and retail establishments has doubled compared to 2018, from 29,000 collaborations to 64,500.

"Many have had to digitize in an accelerated way and the platforms have been a bridge that has allowed many establishments to climb the cart of digitalization with everything already assembled. That has been key, and more so in the Spanish context where most are SMEs with fewer than 5 employees. It has been an outlet for retail trade, " says Vízcaino.

According to the report, the contribution of delivery platforms to the generation of activity in the catering and retail sector in Spain exceeded 250 million euros in 2019 and helped in the maintenance of more than 15,300 jobs, both direct, indirect and induced. 6.7% more than in 2018.

Following the pandemic and mobility restrictions, other categories of retail outlets, such as pharmacies and parapharmacies, hardware stores, paper shops, service stations or local markets, have been added to home delivery

"The best proof that the contribution has been of value is that once the state of alarm has been overcome the collaboration agreements have been maintained. It is an indicator that these unexpected changes have come to stay, " says the Managing Partner of AFI.

In 2019, the number of distributors registered on digital distribution platforms in Spain stood at around 29,300. The robot portrait of these delivery men is a man between 29 and 39 years old, with secondary education and whose origin is from Latin America. For emigrants it is a way to enter the Spanish labour market, since for 1 out of 3 delivery workers it is the first job they do in Spain.

However, the majority (67%) of distributors already had experience working in Spain (4.6 years on average) before starting to collaborate with one or more platforms.

The 1,800 distributors consulted in the study reported on average entering around 332 euros per week, which would be equivalent to just over 17,300 euros gross per year. A figure 1.4 times higher than the minimum Interprofessional wage. However, these incomes vary greatly among riders, as not all work the same hours.

In terms of hourly earnings, dealers who spend less than 10 hours per week earn 10.4 euros per hour, compared to 8.0 euros per hour for dealers who work between 40 and 49 hours per week.

This negative correlation between collaboration hours and revenue reveals, according to the report, that distributors who provide their services a small number of hours a week can make more efficient use of their working time, selecting those times of greatest demand and those places of greatest concentration of orders.

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