Coronavirus 7 hours skin survival longer than flu virus: The coronavirus remains active on human skin for nine hours, as a team of Japanese researchers has verified, which ensure that SARS-Cov-2 survives better on the skin than the flu virus, which only lasts about 1.8 hours.

"The nine-hour survival of SARS-CoV-2 in human skin may increase the risk of contact transmission compared to the influenza virus, thus accelerating the pandemic," the study assures.

The research has been published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases and according to the authors underlines the importance of maintaining hand hygiene measures. And it is that, like the flu virus, SARS-Cov-2 is neutralized after 15 seconds with the application of ethanol, present in hydroalcoholic gels used to disinfect the hands.

Coronavirus 7 hours skin survival

"The increased survival of SARS-CoV-2 in the skin increases the risk of contact transmission; however, hand hygiene can reduce this risk," the authors conclude.

Recently, the World Health Organization insisted that masks alone will not stop the spread of the coronavirus and claimed social distancing measures and hand washing.

In fact, a report published by the organization when the coronavirus had not yet left Wuhan assured that if travelers from the world's top 10 airports washed their hands more often, the spread of viral diseases would be greatly reduced.

Coronavirus 7 hours skin survival


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Spanish researchers create coronavirus clone to study possible treatments

An international group of researchers in which Spanish scientists participate has managed to develop an infectious clone of the virus of the new coronavirus, according to the journal mBio.

The researchers of our country belong to the Superior Council of Scientific Research (CSIC) and has been led by Luis Martínez-Sobrido, a researcher at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute in the United States.

"This tool could be fundamental to know essential details of the viral cycle and its pathogenicity, as well as to develop new antiviral treatments and live attenuated vaccines," reports the CSIC.

The system developed by this research team produces a DNA copy of the viral genome that is assembled into a bacterial artificial chromosome. Thus it is introduced into the cell where it is transcribed giving rise to infectious viral particles.

The study has analyzed the effects of the clone on hamsters and have been able to verify that it works like the original virus.

Another Spanish researcher who has participated in the project, Fernando Almazán of the National Center of Biotechnology (CNB-CSIC), points out the utility of this system for the genetic manipulation of the virus, the development of analysis systems to determine the effectiveness of new antivirals, and the removal of virulence factors that lead to the production of live attenuated vaccines.


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Pallete believes that the pandemic has accelerated 5 years digitization: "it is no longer an option, companies that do not adapt will suffer more"

Digitalization has accelerated due to the needs arising from the coronavirus pandemic, which has caused many workers to have to work from home and many mechanisms to prevent people from leaving unnecessarily.

According to KPMG data published at the end of September, 80% of CEOs interviewed (1,300 people) say that confinement has accelerated the process of digitization of their companies. And, according to the president of Telefónica, José María Álvarez-Pallete, Spain's reinvention and economic recovery go hand in hand with this trend.

"This increases GDP between 1.5 and 2% and the profitability of SMEs, from 15% to 20%", he explained during his speech at the XIX Congress of Directors and executives, organized by the CEDE Foundation and held in Valencia.

Álvarez-Pallete has highlighted the difference between this pandemic and that of the Spanish Flu of the last century: technology.

"The masks, the distancing and the measures are the same. The world stood still and, now, has been able to go digital. The pandemic has accelerated it 5 years. Many companies would not have dared to send the staff home," he says. "Digitization is no longer an option: those that do not adapt will suffer more."

In particular, the president of Telefónica has underlined 5 axes of action to carry it out: promoting digitalization "for a more sustainable society and economy", addressing inequalities by investing in digital skills, building inclusive and sustainable connectivity, ensuring fair competition through the modernization of fiscal, regulatory and competition frameworks and improving trust through an ethical and responsible use of technology.

"We are experiencing one of the greatest challenges that humanity has faced in recent history. Companies must be guided by values and responsibility, subjecting individual interests to those of the whole to emerge as a better society”, he has defended and has taken the opportunity to highlight the role of the company that presides at the time of the state of alarm.

"With customers, we increased data franchises, increased educational platforms and, in addition, we had to extend the circulating deadlines to finance companies customers and suppliers. We also put our capacity at the service of the state to search for respirators. The network: if the networks had not worked well, the problem would have been greater."

But Álvarez-Pallete does not forget the most important thing: "it is people who mark the transformations. Without our people, we could not have faced the crisis."

However, the president of Mercadona, Juan Roig, has criticized this Wednesday in that same forum that the debate on protecting health and protecting the economy in the face of the coronavirus pandemic "has not been well focused", stating that "we have deviated a lot in favor of Health".

Education has been another of the topics that Álvarez-Pallete has spoken about during his speech at the round table that he shared with the president of Naturgy, Francisco Reynés, and with the moderator and head of Deloitte, Fernando Ruiz.

"We have to identify the capabilities that will be overcome by technology. Investing in in-company training will be essential: we have identified 23,000 Telefónica jobs that will go to reskilling," he explained. "It is an exciting challenge to give people new skills. Companies have a huge responsibility with education."

In fact, the OECD estimates that one third of jobs will be reskilled, that is, they will undergo a readjustment to fit the digital needs that are emerging.

“We must adapt the education system to fit the business needs of the Twenty-First Century. If until now we thought that digital education was the future, now we know that it is already the present”, added The president of Telefónica. One of the keys he has pointed out is "to train people more flexibly in vocational training".

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