Drinking much water side effects: Here is what can happen to you if you drink too much water.
We could not live without water. But if we drink too much, it can wreak havoc on our brain and our body. Drinking more water than your kidneys can handle can upset your blood sodium levels. This is called water intoxication. And in extreme cases, it can cause brain damage, coma and even death.
What do you think when you hear the word poison? Arsenic? Cyanide? And water?
Drinking much water side effects
Life could not exist without water. But in the right circumstances .... water can be as dangerous as any poison.
Your kidneys filter out excess waste and water from your bloodstream. But they can only handle 800 to 1,000 ml of water per hour. And if you get to drink more than that without vomiting, you may be in trouble. Because you drink faster than your kidneys work. So the excess ends up in your cells.
Normally, your cells are surrounded by a balanced solution of sodium and water, which enters and exits through tiny holes in the cell membrane, which keeps the concentration of sodium in and out of the cell balanced.
But when you drink too much water, the sodium solution dilutes. It's not salty enough. Thus, some of the additional water rushes into the cell to restore balance, which causes it to swell.
Doctors call it water intoxication and it's a big problem. Now, most of your cells can withstand swelling to some extent since soft, flexible tissues like fat and muscles can stretch.
But for the cells in your brain, that's another story, because your skull is not scalable. It's bone. It's hard - like a rock. So as your brain swells, pressure builds up in your head.
At first you may have headaches, confusion or drowsiness. But as the pressure increases, you risk brain damage, coma and even death. And everything could be finished in less than ten hours.
A 64-year-old woman, for example, died the same evening after drinking between 30 and 40 glasses of water. And a group of US Army trainees suffered from vomiting and convulsions after consuming more than 2 liters per hour after a hard day of training.
But it is the marathon runners who have to be particularly careful. One study found that one in six marathon runners develop at least mild water intoxication because running stresses their body, including their kidneys. Thus, they do not excrete the water as effectively, which can make the water move up into the blood more easily.
But the problem is not just about water. For example, the same thing can happen to you if you drink too much beer at a time. This is called potomania.
The good news is that cases of water intoxication are quite rare and affect people with kidney problems. And there is an easy way to stay safe. The average healthy adult needs about 3 to 4 liters of water a day. And as it can also come from food and other drinks, drink when you are thirsty, then stop.
RELATED: This is what happens to your body when you swallow chewing gum
We have all heard of terrible things happening in our stomach when we swallow chewing gum. But is it so serious that if we forget to spit the piece?
Your CE2 teacher may have told you that if you swallow your chewing gum, it could stay in your stomach forever. Or worse, that it could become a rubber tree. Well, that's right. Do not do it especially.
Okay, I'm kidding ... Swallowing chewing gum is not really going to plant trees in your stomach, but that's no reason to start doing it regularly.
When you eat standard foods, three processes are implemented in your body to turn food into fuel. The first is obvious: chewing. The process breaks down food into smaller and smaller pieces, which increases the surface of the food. Meanwhile, saliva coats these pieces, releasing enzymes that help break down food.
Finally, once swallowed, the stomach acids turn the leftover food into a slurry. This allows the food to cross the rest of the digestive tract gently.
But chewing gum does not play by these rules. As much as you chew it, chewing gum does not break down into small pieces. Because it's chewing gum. Duh.
Chewing gum has been around for much longer than you think. The ancient Mayas and Aztecs harvested resin from the Sapodilla tree. They dried it to make a 'cha', and chewed it to avoid hunger. Already at the time, he was known to freshen his breath.
However, most gums today are made from natural or synthetic polymers, most often butyl rubber.
It is used in all kinds of products, including adhesives, fiber optics, sealants, adhesive films, paper, fuel, explosives, sports equipment, roofs, bottle caps and tires.
But do not worry, butyl in chewing gum will not make you sick. Because it can not be broken down, the chewing gum plug hits your stomach intact.
Your salivary enzymes and your stomach acid can not touch butyl in the gum paste. But that does not mean that it's just hanging out. Your body is equipped to handle chewing gum in the same way that it does with other foods that it can not completely digest, such as corn and sunflower seeds. The muscles in your digestive tract move it and end up evacuating it from your system in a day or two, as well as everything else.
So, no, chewing gums do not stay in your body when you swallow them. But that's not a reason to swallow it. The more gum you have to treat, the more likely it is to accumulate.
This gum mass could potentially clog your digestive tract, causing an intestinal blockage that can trigger stomach pain or constipation. There is a nice name for this block: a bezoar.
An 18-year-old Israeli woman has already suffered from a bezoar blocking her stomach. The problem ? It turns out that she swallowed at least five pieces of chewing gum a day. The blockage had become so important that the doctors had to break it into smaller pieces and pull it out of his body, piece by piece.
But just chewing gum is not necessarily bad for you. A few small studies have shown that chewing gum can really help you relax. Because it can help reduce the levels of cortisol - a common stress hormone - in your saliva.
So, do not hesitate to unpack a stick. You will not be alone. 56% of Americans chew about 280 sticks a year. This represents a $ 2 billion industry in the United States.
But be careful not to swallow it once finished. A chewing gum from time to time will not hurt, but with everything your body is already doing for you, why make it do this extra work? By cons do not spit on the ground. It's just disgusting. Find a garbage can as a normal person.